In documents Wizejni, a settlement, formerly a small town, on the southern shore of the lake of the same name, in Suwałki county, Wiźajny gmina and parish, 34 versts north of Suwałki and 11 versts from Kalwarya [Editor's note: 1 verst (wiorsta) is a little more than a kilometer]. it has a brick parish church, a brick church for the Protestant congregation, an elementary school, gmina offices, a pharmacy, 175 houses and 2,276 inhabitants. In 1827 it had 163 houses and 1,342 inhabitants. Six fairs are held each year in the settlement. The vicinity of W., once covered with marshes, comprised part of the primeval forest extending to Lake Wisztyniec [now Vis'tytis, in Lithuania], which belonged to the Duchy of Prussia. The W. starostwo did not have a fortified castle; the Cossack regiment of Lord Lipnicki and the Wiźajny and Lejwany [?] starosta took part in the battle of Diwina (13 November 1661) against the forces of Chowan'ski (Poczobut-Odlanicki's Journal, page 54). According to treasury reports, in 1766 Wiźajny was owned by Strutynska, who paid 2,508 zl. in kwarta [an ancient tax for the maintenance of the Polish regular army]. At the Warsaw Sejm of 1773-1775 the government placed this estate under the emphyteutic ownership of Róz'a nee Plater Strutyn'ska, along with Sejwy starosta, the village of Bolcie in Grodno powiat, and the village of Zyrwiny and the Gieluzanski [?] lands in Troki district. To put an end to disputes over this starostwo's borders, a commission was established at that same Sejm to define them (Volumina legum, VIII, 750-1). In this century [i. e., the 19th] Wiźajny became part of the Kadaryszki ekonomia [administrative division for estates owned by the government]. It is not known when the settlement was incorporated as a town. It received very rich benefices in land. Jan Kazimierz paid for the founding of the Roman Catholic parish in 1659. The Strutynskis erected a new church on the site of the old one. In 1814 it burned down. In 1825 St. Teresa's church was built of brick, paid for partly from collection of arrears to cover the debt of the former Fire Society (Report of the state council) and partly from the parishioners' offerings.
According to an 1885 list the parish numbered 3,709 souls of German ethnicity. Wiźajny gmina covers 16,623 morgs and has 4,393 inhabitants (6 Orthodox, 2,437 Protestants, 490 Jews). The number of those absent from the resident population (due to emigration caused by its location on the border) amounts to 24%. The gmina belongs to district court IV in Stara Hancza, with a post office in Szypliszki (21 versts away).
The gmina includes:
Antosin, Bolcie, Burnyszki, Dziadówek, Dzierwany, Gromadczyna, Grzybina, Jaczno, Jacznówek, Jegliniszki, Klajpeda, Klajpedka, Kojle, Kramnik, Laskowskie, Leszkiemie, Lugiele, Mauda, Mierkinie Nowe, Mierkinie Stare, Miciszki, Okliny, Olszanka-Huk, Poddebszczyzna, Podgorzatek, Polulkiemie, Rakówek, Rogotajny Prywatne, Rogotajny Male, Rogotajny Wielkie, Rozgulina, Skombobole, Stankuny, Stanuliszki, Stara Han'cza, Stolupianka, Sudawskie, Utmanda, Wilkupie, Wizgóry, Wiźajny, Wysokie i Zelazkowizna.
Source: Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego - Warsaw [1893, vol. 13, pp. 687-688]
This translation, by William F. Hoffman, first appeared in the Spring 1996 issue of "Bulletin of the Polish Genealogical Society of America".