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Jaskólski - Jaskulski
Created by Administrator Account in 2/8/2010 9:59:45 AM

 


I am trying to locate information about my last name Jaskulski... Please advise of any information about the history of my name...

Polish name expert Prof. Kazimierz Rymut mentions this name in his book Nazwiska Polakow [The Surnames of Poles]. He explains that it comes from the root seen in the noun jaskółka, which refers to the bird we call a swallow. In Polish the O has an accent over it and the L has a slash through it; and sounds like "yoss-KOOW-kah." The accented O is pronounced the same as U in Polish, which is why you often see names spelled either way. That's the word the surname comes from.

Jaskulski sounds like "yoss-KOOL-skee," but it can also be spelled Jaskólski, pronounced the same way (when the -ski is added, Ł changes to normal L). You want to keep an eye open for either spelling, since the same person might be Jaskólski in one record and Jaskulski in the next. Literally this name would mean "of the swallow," and might refer to an ancestor whom people associated with swallows for some reason. An ancestor might have imitated a swallow, or dressed in clothes that reminded people of a swallow's coloring, or lived in an area where there were lots of swallows -- hard to say which derivation might apply in a given instance.

Rymut points out that this name can also refer to the names of places in Poland derived from the word for swallow. In other words, Jaskulski or Jaskólski can also just mean "one from Jaskółki." There's more than one place by that name, and only detailed research into your family's history might uncover facts that would clarify which one your particular Jaskulskis came from.

As of 1990, according to the best data available (the Slownik nazwisk wspolczesnie w Polsce uzywanych, "Directory of Surnames in Current Use in Poland," which covers about 94% of the population of Poland), there were 4,867 Polish citizens named Jaskólski. There were another 5,113 who spelled it Jaskulski. Both names were common all over the country, and give no clue what area a given Jaskólski or Jaskulski family might have come from. As I said, only research into the history of your particular family would establish that; the surname itself gives no clue.

Copyright © 2002 W.F. Hoffman. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

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